23 Essential Tips for Traveling to Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka, a tropical paradise floating off the southern tip of India, entices travelers with its gentle Buddhist culture, friendly people, and a laid-back way of life. However, before embarking on a trip to this Indian Ocean island, it’s important to equip yourself with some essential knowledge. From visa requirements to cultural sensitivities, here are 23 things you need to know before traveling to Sri Lanka.

Apply for a Visa in Advance

First and foremost, check the latest visa requirements for Sri Lanka. Most nationalities need to obtain an Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) in advance of travel. Fortunately, the process is convenient and straightforward.

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Check Your Travel Vaccinations

As a tropical destination, Sri Lanka requires certain travel vaccinations. Consult with your doctor to ensure you’re up to date. Recommended vaccinations include diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and polio. For longer stays, consider getting vaccinated against typhoid and rabies.

Plan Your Trip According to the Monsoons

Sri Lanka experiences two monsoon seasons that affect different parts of the island at different times. From May to September, the south and west coasts are hit by the southwest monsoon, bringing rainfall and choppy seas. Conversely, from November to March, the north and east regions experience the northeast monsoon. Planning your trip accordingly will ensure you make the most of the weather.

Be Aware of Alcohol Restrictions

On full moon days and during religious events, such as Buddhist festivals, alcohol is not sold in shops, restaurants, or bars throughout Sri Lanka. It’s essential to respect the local customs and refrain from consuming alcohol during these times.

Carry Cash and Familiarize Yourself with the Currency

The official currency of Sri Lanka is the Sri Lankan rupee. It’s advisable to exchange your currency upon arrival, as it can be challenging to do so outside of the country. ATMs are widespread and convenient, but it’s recommended to use Bank of Ceylon ATMs to avoid extra fees. Ensure you have small bills for local expenses and tipping.

Plan Your Itinerary Wisely

Due to winding roads and limited infrastructure, traveling around Sri Lanka takes time. It’s important to be realistic about how much ground you can cover in a day. Sri Lanka’s expressway network has improved travel times from Colombo to southern towns, but exploring the hill country can still be time-consuming. Consider taking trains for a more scenic and relaxed experience.

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Pack Accordingly for Different Climates

Sri Lanka’s diverse landscapes mean varying climates throughout the island. Remember to pack light jumpers for cooler nights, particularly in the highlands. Additionally, bring a sarong that can serve multiple purposes, from a beach blanket to a covering for visiting temples.

Book Train Tickets in Advance for Popular Routes

Sri Lanka’s train journeys, particularly the section between Kandy and Ella, are highly popular among tourists. To secure a seat, it’s advisable to book tickets in air-conditioned first class or fan-cooled second class well ahead of time.

Respect Local Customs and Dress Modestly

When visiting temples and religious sites, it’s crucial to dress respectfully, covering your legs, shoulders, and upper arms. Remember to remove your shoes and headwear before entering Buddhist or Hindu temples, even if they are in ruins. Socks are allowed, and it’s always a good idea to ask for permission before entering Hindu temples.

Show Respect to Buddha Images

Sri Lankan Buddhists hold their religious beliefs and Buddha images in high regard. It’s important to show respect by avoiding clothing or tattoos depicting Buddha images. Taking selfies with Buddha statues or turning your back towards them is considered disrespectful.

Practice Responsible Photography

Always ask for permission before photographing people, and be aware that flash photography is generally not allowed in temples. Some Hindu sites may ban photography entirely. When photographing temples, ensure you do not stand with your back towards a Buddha statue.

Embrace Local Dining Customs

Traditional Sri Lankan dining involves eating with your right hand, using your fingers to mix rice and curry into small balls. When invited into a local home for a meal, it’s polite to accept the invitation and wash your hands before eating. Avoid eating or shaking hands with your left hand, as it is considered less sanitary.

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Tipping is Customary

Tipping is a way of life in Sri Lanka, and it’s customary to leave a tip at hotels and restaurants. Most larger establishments add a 10% service charge, but it’s good practice to tip in places that don’t include it.

Respect Wildlife and Stay Safe

Sri Lanka’s abundant wildlife, such as elephants and crocodiles, requires cautious behavior. Keep a safe distance from wild animals and refrain from feeding them. Additionally, be vigilant of strong currents at beaches, as drowning is a significant cause of tourist fatalities.

Practice Safety Precautions

Sri Lanka is generally a safe country, but it’s always wise to take precautions. Wear a money belt and use your hotel safe for valuables. Female travelers should avoid traveling alone at night, especially on public transport. It’s important to respect the conservative culture by dressing modestly and reducing the chance of harassment.

Drink Bottled Water and Protect Against Mosquitoes

Tap water in Sri Lanka is not safe for drinking, so it’s advisable to consume bottled water. Be sure to check for the Sri Lanka standards certification mark on the bottle. Protect yourself against mosquito-borne diseases by wearing repellent containing DEET, covering up at dawn and dusk, and sleeping under a mosquito net.

Be Aware of Scams and Pickpockets

Like any popular tourist destination, scams and pickpocketing can occur in Sri Lanka. Be cautious in busy areas and avoid purchasing gems from street vendors. Seek information from official tourist offices and directly from operators to avoid falling victim to scams.

Be Prepared for Natural Disasters

Sri Lanka is prone to natural disasters such as localized flooding, tropical cyclones, and periods of drought. Stay alert to weather warnings and follow advice from local authorities. Familiarize yourself with early warning systems and evacuation routes in major towns and resorts.

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Before concluding, here are some frequently asked questions about traveling to Sri Lanka:

  • Q: What are the visa requirements for Sri Lanka?
  • Q: Is it safe to swim in Sri Lankan beaches?
  • Q: Can I drink tap water in Sri Lanka?
  • Q: How should I dress when visiting temples?
  • Q: Are there any specific cultural customs I should be aware of?


Traveling to Sri Lanka is a rewarding experience, but it’s important to be prepared. From securing visas to respecting local customs, following these essential tips will ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip to this enchanting tropical paradise. So, pack your bags and get ready to explore the wonders of Sri Lanka.

For more information about traveling to Sri Lanka, visit iBlog.

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